In 1961 the National Association for the Welfare of Children in Hospital was founded with the aim of taking care of hospitalized children.
1. Long stays. For these children it was precise to establish a contact with their school and continue with the same academic program their schoolmates were following.
2. Short stays. They were taught things from the hospital, the health personnel, the medical equipment and the treatments.
Parents were also encouraged to participate in the educational work.
SOURCE: Polaino-Lorente, A., & Lizasoain, O. (1992). La pedagogía hospitalaria en Europa:
la historia reciente de un movimiento pedagógico innovador. Psicothema, 4(1), 49-67.